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World War II

[Train Whistle] In 1941, Augusta was well on its way to recovery from the hard years of the Great Depression. Jobs and money were more plentiful, especially with the outbreak of WWII in 1939. The largest local war industry was the Augusta Arsenal. During the War, the Arsenal underwent a massive expansion. The number of employees in 1939 was only 57, and by 1943 that number had increased to over 1,500. Work at the arsenal concentrated on rebuilding or overhauling 70 different types of weapons including the Browning automatic rifle. Augusta was a major center for military training and activity, with four military installations. Immediately following the attack on Pearl Harbor in December of 1941, the 4th Infantry Division moved into the unfinished Camp Gordon, whose construction had only begun a few months prior. Over 9,000 workers toiled feverishly to complete construction on the camp by mid-1942. Civilians also contributed to the war effort. Volunteers served as air raid wardens, and Augustans saved their scrap metal, grew victory gardens, participated in rationing programs, and invested in war bonds. [Train Whistle]

Augusta's Story
  1. Paleo-Indians
  2. Stallings Island
  3. The Age of Exploration: The DeSoto Exhibition; 1540
  4. Early Colonial Period; 1685 – 1736
  5. Late Colonial Period
  6. The American Revolution, 1776 - 1783
  7. Antebellum Society
  8. Dave: Enslaved Potter and Poet
  9. Cotton
  10. Civil War; 1861 - 1865
  11. Reconstruction
  12. The Golden Blocks
  13. The Augusta Canal and the Cotton Industry
  14. Petersburg Boat
  15. Industrial History
  16. Mill Life
  17. World War I
  18. The Great Fire of 1916
  19. 1920s
  20. World War II
  21. Savannah River Site
  22. Integrating Augusta
  23. The Augusta Riot
  24. 50s, 60s, 70s, and 80s in Augusta
  25. Augusta and the Late 20th Century to Today
  26. Thank you to our partners