The Golden Blocks

[Train Whistle] Two separate Augustas evolved by the 1920s. The stores, restaurants, hotels, banks, theaters, and offices that flanked Broad Street served white Augustans. In Black Augusta, the intersection of Gwinnet and 9th Streets marked the center of business and social activity. This area was known as the Golden Blocks. Within a small radius of this hub were the Penny Savings and Loan Investment Company, the Pilgrim Health and Life Insurance Company, Haines Normal and Industrial Institute, the Lennox Theatre, Tabernacle Baptist Church, professional offices, and several undertaking establishments. After immigrating to Augusta to work as skilled laborers on the Augusta Canal, some Chinese workers and their families remained in Augusta. Many of the approximately 30 Chinese operated groceries were located on corners in the Black residential section, with the proprietors living upstairs in the same building or nearby. Like much of the United States, Augusta remained segregated for several decades. [Train Whistle]

Augusta's Story
  1. Paleo-Indians
  2. Stallings Island
  3. The Age of Exploration: The DeSoto Exhibition; 1540
  4. Early Colonial Period; 1685 – 1736
  5. Late Colonial Period
  6. The American Revolution, 1776 - 1783
  7. Antebellum Society
  8. Dave: Enslaved Potter and Poet
  9. Cotton
  10. Civil War; 1861 - 1865
  11. Reconstruction
  12. The Golden Blocks
  13. The Augusta Canal and the Cotton Industry
  14. Petersburg Boat
  15. Industrial History
  16. Mill Life
  17. World War I
  18. The Great Fire of 1916
  19. 1920s
  20. World War II
  21. Savannah River Site
  22. Integrating Augusta
  23. The Augusta Riot
  24. 50s, 60s, 70s, and 80s in Augusta
  25. Augusta and the Late 20th Century to Today
  26. Thank you to our partners