Early Colonial Period; 1685 – 1736

[Train Whistle]] By the last half of the 17th century this area was claimed by three European nations—the Spanish claimed this area as part of La Florida, France claimed it as part as Louisiana, and the British claimed this area first as part of the Virginia colony, and later as part of the Carolina colony. The competition between the three European empires for the control of the Indian trade resulted in several armed conflicts. Eventually the British won control of the area, which is now Georgia and South Carolina. In 1670, English settlers, also called Carolinians, established Charles Town (modern day Charleston, South Carolina), at the time the southernmost English settlement in North America. Soon the Carolinians moved inland from the coast in search of trade with Native Americans— primarily trading manufactured goods for animal skins (deer skins and beaver pelts). One of the first inland settlements was Savannah Town located just south and across the river from Augusta on the high bluff near where the Sand Bar Ferry bridge is today. First mentioned in records in 1685, Savannah Town was the starting point for trails leading to the Cherokee, Creek, Chickasaw, and other tribal lands to the north and west. At Savannah Town, the Carolinians traded with various Native American tribes, and also organized trains of packhorses to carry trade items to their villages. Abuses by traders and their encroachment on Native land, led to the Yamasee War in 1715. The Yamasee tribe, joined by the Creek and other tribes, led attacks against European settlements. The Cherokee, however, fought alongside the Carolinians. The War ended with the decimated Yamasee retreating to Florida, and many other tribes moving into new areas including the Central Savannah River Area (CSRA). The Carolinians imposed new trade regulations upon traders to prevent abuses. [Train Whistle]

Augusta's Story
  1. Paleo-Indians
  2. Stallings Island
  3. The Age of Exploration: The DeSoto Exhibition; 1540
  4. Early Colonial Period; 1685 – 1736
  5. Late Colonial Period
  6. The American Revolution, 1776 - 1783
  7. Antebellum Society
  8. Dave: Enslaved Potter and Poet
  9. Cotton
  10. Civil War; 1861 - 1865
  11. Reconstruction
  12. The Golden Blocks
  13. The Augusta Canal and the Cotton Industry
  14. Petersburg Boat
  15. Industrial History
  16. Mill Life
  17. World War I
  18. The Great Fire of 1916
  19. 1920s
  20. World War II
  21. Savannah River Site
  22. Integrating Augusta
  23. The Augusta Riot
  24. 50s, 60s, 70s, and 80s in Augusta
  25. Augusta and the Late 20th Century to Today
  26. Thank you to our partners