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World War I

[Train Whistle] Following the US Declaration of War in 1917, Augusta received the contract to build an army camp. In two months, 887 buildings were constructed in an area south of Wrightsboro Road. Camp Hancock received its first group of soldiers on August 19, 1917 from Pennsylvania’s 28th division. The camp included a hospital, a school of ordinance, a school for officers, and a school for machine gun and automatic rifle operation. After the 28th division left for France in May 1918, another 60,000 soldiers filled the camp to capacity. Support for the war efforts showed everywhere in Augusta. There were liberty loan drives, and various groups competed in the amount of bonds purchased. All businesses were closed on Mondays to help conserve coal. An influenza epidemic swept Augusta in September 1918 killing 52 soldiers at Camp Hancock in one week. The Board of Health quarantined the camp, and closed all schools, churches, and theatres in Augusta until late November. The war produced a number of Augusta Heroes including Captain Robert Walton Junior, who received a Distinguished Service Cross for leading three men in capturing 65 German soldiers. Sixty-nine men from Augusta died in the war —55 white and 14 Black soldiers. On November 11, 1918, confederate veteran Barry Benson led an impromptu parade of fellow veterans carrying US and Confederate flags. [Train Whistle]

Augusta's Story
  1. Paleo-Indians
  2. Stallings Island
  3. The Age of Exploration: The DeSoto Exhibition; 1540
  4. Early Colonial Period; 1685 – 1736
  5. Late Colonial Period
  6. The American Revolution, 1776 - 1783
  7. Antebellum Society
  8. Dave: Enslaved Potter and Poet
  9. Cotton
  10. Civil War; 1861 - 1865
  11. Reconstruction
  12. The Golden Blocks
  13. The Augusta Canal and the Cotton Industry
  14. Petersburg Boat
  15. Industrial History
  16. Mill Life
  17. World War I
  18. The Great Fire of 1916
  19. 1920s
  20. World War II
  21. Savannah River Site
  22. Integrating Augusta
  23. The Augusta Riot
  24. 50s, 60s, 70s, and 80s in Augusta
  25. Augusta and the Late 20th Century to Today
  26. Thank you to our partners