Panel 08

Battle of Port Royal (1861)

The Big Gun Shoot

The American Civil War started on April 12, 1861, when the Confederates bombarded Fort Sumter at Charleston Harbor. President Lincoln ordered a blockade of southern ports to stop the flow of supplies to the Confederates. Governor Francis Pickens directed General P.G.T. Beauregard to develop a coastal defense plan. Beauregard ordered construction of defenses around Charleston Harbor and Forts Walker and Beauregard at Port Royal Sound. 

On November 4, 1861, a joint Union Army-Navy flotilla under General Thomas Sherman and Commodore Samuel Du Pont, arrived at the entrance to Port Royal Sound. 

Beaufort History Museum
  1. Welcome!
  2. Beaufort County's First People
  3. The Yamasee Indians
  4. Altamaha Town Archaeology
  5. European Superpowers in Carolina
  6. The Greatest and Fairest Haven
  7. Beaufort's Golden Age
  8. Patriots and Loyalists
  9. Antebellum Beaufort – In Town (1782-1861)
  10. Sea Island Cotton
  11. Antebellum Beaufort – Plantations (1782-1861)
  12. Battle of Port Royal (1861)
  13. Beaufort and the Civil War (1861-1865)
  14. The African American Experience (1861-1865)
  15. Model of the New South: Postbellum Beaufort (1865-1893)
  16. Robert Smalls -- The 'King' of Beaufort
  17. The Great Depression – Riches to Rags
  18. The Early 20th Century -- Here Comes the Marines!
  19. The Early 20th Century -- Civil Rights
  20. Rise of the Sunbelt -- Charles Fraser and the Fraser Effect
  21. 21st Century Beaufort -- The 'Chambers' Vision
  22. Preserving Our History
  23. The Greatest and Fairest Haven