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10 - Beaufort County's First People

American Indians arrived in North America over 13,000 years ago. Over the centuries, people spread across the continent, where they developed traditions, customs, and tools that helped them live and thrive.

American Indians began to live in coastal South Carolina 4,500 years ago. They built homes from willow and palmetto, made tools from stone, bone, shell, and plant fibers, and fashioned pottery from local clays. They hunted deer and small mammals, fished, and collected oysters. Later they grew corn, beans, gourds, melons, and peppers in the region’s rich soils. By 1100 AD, an elaborate chiefdom-based society centered on mound building, trade networks, and horticulture spread throughout the Southeast.

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