The kitchen also has a dirt floor and looks very much as it did in the 1880s. The kitchen items are not original to the Leonis family but are consistent with a standard adobe kitchen. The cast iron stove is dated 1875. The counter shelf on the south wall was used for ironing as well as meal preparation.

The corner cupboards across the stove area were used for storing dishes, spices, and other non-perishable food items. Obviously, the pathway separating the two sections of the kitchen today did not exist during Miguel’s time. The kitchen was one open room and a large table would have likely stood in the middle of the space.

From approximately 1900 to1910, water was brought in from the well or the creek through a pipe which ran from the tank house to the kitchen. A half barrel was kept under the faucet to catch any dripping water.

Additionally, the door on the southwest wall of the kitchen led to a small room with large cupboards where dry goods and other food supplies such as milk and bread were stored. This room also had a small bed for visiting guests. Bread was baked on the grounds in an horno, the Spanish word for oven. This small storage room was converted to our current working kitchen.


Leonis Adobe Museum Historic Home and Ranch
  1. The Leonis Adobe House
  2. Miguel Leonis, The Big Basque
  3. Espiritu Chijulla Leonis
  4. Marcelina Leonis
  5. Juan Menendez
  6. Living Room
  7. Corner Cabinets
  8. Piano
  9. Dining Room
  10. Kitchen
  11. Cellar and Pantry
  12. Upper Rear Hallway
  13. Menendez Room
  14. Espiritu's Bedroom
  15. Sewing Room
  16. Front Upstairs Veranda
  17. Outdoor Oven or Horno
  18. Oak Tree
  19. Poultry and Doves
  20. Guinea Hens
  21. Turkeys
  22. Barn and Blacksmith Shop
  23. Carriages and Buggies
  24. Miguel's Land and Property Map
  25. Bath House
  26. Laundry Area
  27. Well and Windmill
  28. Tank House and Water Tank
  29. Orsua Room
  30. Vineyard
  31. Fruit Trees
  32. Vegetable Garden
  33. Longhorn Cattle
  34. Merino Sheep
  35. Nubian and Angora Goats
  36. Percheron Draft Horses
  37. Farm Implements
  38. Wagons
  39. Outhouses
  40. The Plummer House